Texas Education Agency



Before the late 1940s, numerous school districts in the Texas Education Agency did not directly operate schools. Instead, they allocated funds to send children to schools administered by other districts. It wasn’t until the late 1940s that state legislators enacted a bill to abolish these districts, leading to a significant surge in the consolidation of school districts.

Texas Education Agency

Duties performed by the Texas Education Agency

The Texas Education Agency (TEA) is in charge of public primary and secondary education in Texas, overseeing over 1,000 school districts and charter schools. A primary obligation is to ensure student safety. However, regardless of certification, TEA jurisdiction does not extend to private, parochial, or home schools. While school districts are autonomous organizations, the Texas Education Agency (TEA) has the authority to interfere in situations of serious challenges, such as low test results or financial difficulties. Actions may include demanding remedial plans, appointing monitors (or a management board), or, in extreme situations, terminating a school or district. The University Interscholastic League (UIL) oversees academic and sports contests. TEA also controls driver’s education and defensive driving training.

Curriculum controversies

Christine Comer resigned as head of the scientific curriculum on November 7, 2007, after a nine-year stint. She blamed pressure from officials who said she was skeptical of intelligent design education. Over 50 scientific groups chastised the board in 2009 for proposing to weaken evolution requirements. “The Revisionaries,” a documentary published in October 2012, digs into Chairman Don McLeroy’s re-election and the curriculum issue. An edited version was broadcast on PBS’s Independent Lens in January 2013. If elected members fail to fulfill expectations, Texas House Speaker Joe Straus urged reevaluating the board’s composition and adopting a neutral or appointed method. There were initiatives in 2010 to produce an alternate narrative of American history, incorporating textbook changes to correct perceived biases with religious and racial connotations.

Special Texas education agency controversies

The Houston Chronicle discovered in 2016 that the Texas Education Agency (TEA) has been denying special education assistance to countless pupils since 2004, prompting a federal investigation. The number of kids eligible for these programs had been capped at 8.5% by state officials. By strictly implementing this standard, Texas reduced its special education rate to 8.5% in 2015, much below the national average of 13%. To lower student numbers, school districts implemented a variety of strategies, including cutting assistance for certain children with autism and dyslexia, reluctance to undertake evaluations in languages other than English, and refusal to accept medical data from other nations.

State Board of Education

The Texas Education Agency (TEA) is governed by a 15-member State Board of Education, which is elected for four-year terms from single-member districts. This body makes rules, sets academic standards, and oversees the state Permanent School Fund. It also plays an important part in textbook selection for Texas schools.

Since 2011, public school districts have had the right to pick their own instructional materials, regardless of the state-approved list, notwithstanding the board’s ability to propose textbooks. Currently, most districts use state-approved textbooks, but this is anticipated to change as districts become more aware of alternate possibilities.

In 2010, Thomas Ratliff, the son of former Lieutenant Governor Bill Ratliff and a moderate Republican. Also, defeated Don McLeroy, a former school board chairman associated with the right side. Ratliff saw a significant shift in the board’s political composition. In 2022, the GOP gained another seat, taking 10 of the 15 seats. However, many members reject critical racial theory and gender identity courses.

Following redistricting in 2021, all 15 seats contest in the 2022 election. But, with seven members chosen at random for a two-year term, restoring the old staggered system.


The substantial historical changes in the Texas education agency system. But, notably during the late 1940s, highlight by the amalgamation of school districts. It delves into the Texas Education Agency’s (TEA) vital role in monitoring public primary and secondary education, with a focus on student safety and action in emergency situations. The subject dives into curricular debates, highlighting the significance of academic standards and the impact of outside forces.

Furthermore, it draws attention to the sensitive problems surrounding special education. But, shining light on access inequities and the accompanying government problem. The topic also emphasizes the State Board of Education’s involvement in defining policies, academic standards, and textbook selection. Moreover, while highlighting the board’s changing dynamics.

Overall, this subject depicts the dynamic history of education in Texas. Also, demonstrates how historical transitions, disputes, and governance systems have shaped the educational environment.

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